My larger sculptures are created using the traditional ceramic process of coil construction. I hand roll coils or ropes of clay and build in concentric rings from the bottom to the top of each form. I build height slowly, allowing the lower coils to become leather-hard or nearly rigid to support the weight of additional coils. This is a labor-intensive process that fosters patience and a respect for precise timing, the laws of gravity, and the finicky nature of clay. My sculptures are hollow, self-supporting, and free of armatures; in some of the more complex forms, internal clay buttressing is added to support additional weight.